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What is Annual Recurring Revenue: Complete Guide to Calculate ARR

Annual Recurring Revenue Complete Guide to Calculate ARR

Metrics are powerful tools when used with the right context and understanding as it helps you frame your company’s success, leading to better forecasting, and propelling your company’s growth strategy. ARR is one of those metrics for subscription businesses, such as most SaaS businesses. It provides a high-level overview of your company’s health and assists you in calculating the rate at which you must grow to maintain your success.
ARR is the amount of revenue that a company expects to generate regularly each year. The subscription model’s most prominent feature is most likely recurring revenue. ARR provides an overview of the business’s performance year over year.

What is ARR Full Form?

The full form of ARR is Annual Recurring Revenue.

What is Annual Recurring Revenue Meaning?

Annual Recurring Revenue is the total of a product’s or business’s ongoing revenue projected over a year. This metric is used by companies that offer yearly subscriptions to determine how much revenue they can expect each year.

Annual Recurring Revenue for a SaaS company should include both the product’s subscription fees as well as any additional professional services provided by the company. Product installation, training, and maintenance contracts are common examples of these services.

ARR Calculation

Now that we have understood the concept of Annual Recurring Revenue. Let us learn how to do ARR calculations.
Consider a company with one customer who purchased a two-year subscription for Rs. 6000. Subtract the total subscription cost from the number of years. In this case, we will divide Rs. 6000 by 2, resulting in an ARR of Rs. 3000 per year.

When calculating ARR for multiple customers, repeat the same calculation for each customer and add all the yearly amounts to calculate ARR. Companies, on the other hand, prefer to divide the total amount into individual ARRs.

Some examples of annual recurring revenue include:

• ARR added from new customers.
• ARR from existing customer renewals is added.
• Increased ARR from upgrades from existing customers.
• ARR loss due to downgrades from existing customers.
• ARR loss due to customer churn.

Annual Recurring Revenue Complete Guide to Calculate ARR

ARR Formula

Annual Recurring Revenue = Total number of yearly subscriptions + Total amount lost as a result of cancellations + Total amount gained as a result of expansion revenue

It is important to note that the revenue generated by upgrades and add-ons will affect the price of a customer’s annual subscription. As a result, it is factored into the ARR calculation while excluding any one-time options.

Importance of ARR

Annual Recurring Revenue is the most important metric for subscription-based businesses. It is crucial for the following reasons:

1. Quantifies a company’s growth

Considering its predictability and stability, it is an effective method of measuring growth. By comparing ARRs over multiple years, a company can determine whether or not it has made progress as a result of its business decisions.

2. Forecast revenue

Annual Recurring Revenue is used by a company to forecast revenue. It is commonly referred to as a baseline, and it can be easily incorporated into complex calculations for forecasting the company’s future revenues.

3. Assess the success of the business model

Annual Recurring Revenue only calculates subscription revenue, whereas total revenue includes all of the company’s cash flows. As a result, ARR assists a company in determining whether or not the subscription model is successful.

4. Increase revenue

Tracking customer relationship changes, allows a company to better understand the needs and desires of its customers. It also aids in the promotion of up-selling and cross-selling, which increases revenue.

5. Attract investors

In general, investors prefer a subscription business with a predictable sales model and precise revenue estimation over one-time sales. As a result, subscription-based businesses can thrive because they sell predictably.

Difference between ARR and MRR

  • Annual Recurring Revenue is calculated on an annual basis, with a one-year minimum. Whereas Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) is the consistent recurring revenue generated by subscriptions in a given month.
  • Tracking ARR makes more sense for businesses that offer yearly subscription contracts. MRR is classified into several types, including new MRR, upgrade MRR, expansion MRR, and contraction MRR. Every month, this level of detail and segregation provides useful insights.
  • When it comes to ARR and MRR, there is never an either/or situation since the former gives a long-term picture while the latter provides a short-term perspective.


Annual Recurring Revenue is a critical metric for businesses that use a subscription model to measure their growth. Using this data, a company can assess its overall health and determine what actions it should take to increase or decrease its overall growth momentum. It is an indicator of the company’s ability to expand. A company’s continued success cannot be realised unless ARR is used as the baseline.


1. What is the distinction between revenue and annual recurring revenue?

Ans: A company’s total revenue includes all cash inflows, whereas Annual Recurring Revenue only accounts for subscription revenue. For example, if a customer pays one-time implementation fees or chooses an offering other than the subscription business, ARR will not be calculated.

2. What is ARR?

Ans: ARR full form is Annual Recurring Revenue. This metric is used by subscription businesses to forecast the revenues generated by customers when the company provides them with goods or services. It is useful for tracking new customers, renewals, upgrades, and customer losses.

3. What is the purpose of ARR?

Ans: Annual Recurring Revenue is used by subscription-based businesses to forecast revenue. It serves as a baseline and is factored into complex calculations to forecast the company’s future growth. It is also useful in determining whether the business model is successful. It is also useful in determining whether the business model is successful. It is also useful in determining whether the business model is successful.

4. How is ARR different from MRR?

Ans: The Annual Recurring Revenue is calculated on an annual basis, with a one-year minimum. This metric does not track subscriptions that are less than a year old. Short-term subscriptions should not be included in ARR. As a result, Monthly Recurring Revenue is calculated for short-term subscriptions.


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