Types of Logistics: Logistics is the administration of the progression of items between the place of origin and the point of consumption to suit the needs of clients or partnerships generally marketing prudence. In logistics organizations, tangible products such as materials, hardware, supplies, food and other consumable items may be managed.
For the most part, physical logistics entail a combination of information flow, material handling, creation, packaging, stock, transit, warehousing, and regular security. We’ll be addressing many types of logistics here.
A business’s technique to facilitate its supply chain activities is referred to as logistics or logistical planning. It includes a diverse range of projects and activities.
For example, overseeing how raw materials or data sources are procured and supplied to the company, how stock and data sources are stored at the company’s offices, and how the stock is transferred both within and outside the company.
Do you want to Learn about Different types of Logistics? You’ve come to the correct place.
Six different types of logistics are:
Fourth Party Logistics
Let’s take a closer look at each type of logistics.
1. Logistics Inbound
Amongst the types of logistics, the first is Inbound logistics, which refers to the internal logistics errands and exercises that organizations must complete to continue operating. So, inbound logistics usually refers to the strategic tasks performed by firms that work upstream. When it comes to the supply chain, it refers to the relationships with parties who work upstream of the provided company.
The parties who work upstream may vary greatly in their specific tasks depending on the business.
Consider being a car manufacturer, for example. Inbound logistics for the manufacturer would include raw material data sources (sheet metal, glass, wiring, plastics, and so on), storing materials preparing for and throughout the assembly process, and dealing with the flow of finished automobiles leaving the factory.
2. Logistics for Outbound Travel
The next types of logistics are for outbound travel. The errands and exercises involved in getting the item to the final client are referred to as outbound logistics. Players who work moderately downstream, typically the last party in the supply chain, are subject to such strategic commitments.
So, storage of manufactured stock, delivery of generated merchandise to retail locations, and, in some cases, shipping and handling are all included in the duties.
3. Logistics from a Third Party
For entrepreneurs, third-party logistics might be perplexing. This is the third type of logistics. All parts of the supply chain that plan, execute, and control the movement of goods and services to meet client needs are logistics. Third-party logistics refers to the use of a third-party company to outsource logistics services.
These services can cover all managerial exercises as well as the various ways in which an organization moves resources from one location to the next. Tasks, transportation, warehousing, and production are all included.
4. Logistics for the Fourth Party
The next types of logistics are for the fourth party. A fourth-party logistics provider, or 4PL, takes third-party logistics to the next level by managing resources, innovation, technology, infrastructure, and even external 3PLs to create, construct, and provide supply chain solutions for businesses.
A 4PL solution covers 3PL as well as logistics strategy, freight sourcing strategies, network analysis and design, consulting, business planning, change management, project management, inventory planning and management, and inbound, outbound, and reverse logistics management.
5. Logistics of Distribution
The scheduling of errands, control, and all operations relating to the flow of goods and information between manufacturing businesses and clients are all part of distribution logistics which is the fifth type of logistics. The connection or relationship between market and production is distribution logistics (also known as transport logistics or sale logistics).
Additionally, the zone contains all procedures related to product distribution, from manufacturers to clients. Final consumers, wholesalers, distributors, and processors are all possible customers. It ensures that manufactured goods and services reach customers in a safe and timely manner.
6. Logistics in Reverse
Lastly, Reverse logistics refers to a collection of activities carried out after an item has been sold to recoup its value and bring the item’s lifecycle to a close. It usually entails returning an item to the manufacturer or merchant or sending it to be overhauled, repaired, or repurposed. It’s also known as reverse logistics, aftermarket supply chain, or reseller’s aftermarket logistics.
Reverse logistics is the area of supply chains that deals with anything that is returning inwards or travelling backwards via the supply chain. As a result, the name is changed to reverse logistics.
The process of arranging and transferring resources such as equipment, food, liquids, inventory, materials, and people from one site to a storage location or the other destination means logistics.