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What is Business Process Management its Lifecycle and Benefits

Business Process Management

As businesses continue to grow and expand, managing various processes can become challenging. Business Process Management (BPM) offers a solution to effectively streamline and optimise these processes. It involves analysing, designing, executing, monitoring, and controlling business activities to achieve organisational goals. It aims to improve efficiency, reduce costs, increase customer satisfaction, and drive business growth. To effectively manage business processes, one must thoroughly comprehend the company’s operations and objectives. It is also crucial to be open to ongoing assessment and improvement of processes.

In this article, we will explore what BPM is, its benefits, the components of the business process management lifecycle and how it can be used to maximise organisational performance.

What is Business Process Management?

Business Process Management (BPM) is a powerful system of concepts and tools to help manage business operations more efficiently. BPM focuses on the overall performance of an organisation by examining its internal processes and ensuring they are running as efficiently as possible. Using BPM, organisations can improve customer experience, reduce costs, and increase productivity. BPM also helps organisations stay competitive by ensuring they can keep up with changing customer demands and trends. Business Process Management (BPM) combines technology, processes, and people to improve the efficiency of organisational operations. It is a systematic approach that involves managing, analysing, optimising, and automating business processes to streamline processes and eliminate organisational inefficiencies.

Business Process Management helps organisations to reduce costs, increase productivity and achieve better customer satisfaction. It also helps them identify improvement areas and create strategies for future growth.

Business Process Management

Types of Business Processes

Business processes are the set of activities that a company uses to create and deliver its products or services. It is an important part of any organisation as it helps ensure that all tasks are completed efficiently and on time. Business process management (BPM) is managing these processes to increase efficiency, reduce costs, and improve customer satisfaction. BPM involves identifying, tracking, analysing, and optimising business processes with the help of tools such as process mapping, workflow automation, and analytics. Through this approach, businesses can better understand their operations and find ways to improve them.

Business process management can be categorised into three main types: integration-centric, human-centric, and document-centric.

Integration-centric BPM

Integration-centric BPM is a type of BPM that focuses on processes that rely less on human involvement and more on APIs and mechanisms that integrate data across systems such as HRM or CRM.

Human-centric BPM

Human-centric BPM focuses on human involvement, particularly when approvals are necessary, unlike integration-centric BPM. The user interface is designed to be user-friendly, with the ability to drag and drop tasks to specific roles, streamlining the accountability process.

Document-centric BPM

Document-centric BPM focuses on a specific document, like a contract. Approval is required through multiple stages for a vendor-client agreement when a company buys a product or service.

Business Process Management Lifecycle

Business Process Management (BPM) is a systematic approach to designing, implementing, and improving business processes. It enables organisations to increase efficiency, reduce costs, and improve customer satisfaction by streamlining their operations. Effective BPM implementation and successful BPM outcomes require an understanding of the various steps of the life cycle, which is an iterative process that follows a defined life cycle.

The business process management lifecycle comprises five key stages: design, implementation, monitoring, optimisation, and model.

1. Process design

In the step of creating a business process model, a visual representation is made to illustrate how it works in various scenarios. The essential components comprise of timelines, task descriptions, and data flow for the process. Evaluating efficient strategies during this stage of BPM can be highly effective.

2. Model

In this step, a visual representation of the redesigned business process is done and analysis on how it works in different scenarios is conducted. It is important to create a graphic representation that includes task descriptions and timelines, as well as evaluate strategies for efficiency.

3. Implementation

In this step, the updated BPM system will be tested with a restricted audience to ensure sensitive data protection. Prior to demonstrating the process to a larger audience, the feedback received will be used to enhance the process.

4. Monitor

In this step, after implementing the updated BPM, the process is monitored. After integration, it is necessary to use alternative measures to assess the efficiency and progress of the process identifying any additional obstacles.

5. Optimise

In the final stage, businesses can make modifications to enhance the effectiveness of their operations.


BPM is a powerful tool for organisations of all sizes and is becoming increasingly popular among companies looking to improve their operations and reduce the complexity of their processes.

The following are some advantages of incorporating business process management.

Enhanced Efficiency: BPM helps organisations to better manage their resources and processes, resulting in a more efficient operation. BPM enables organisations to quickly identify bottlenecks in their processes and eliminate them. This streamlines processes and increases the speed of task completion.

Improved Quality: BPM ensures processes are completed efficiently and accurately. Automating processes improves the quality of the output, which helps businesses increase customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Reduced Costs: BPM helps businesses to reduce costs by streamlining processes and eliminating manual tasks. BPM also helps organisations reduce the time and resources spent on process management, thus saving money in the long run.

Increased Employee Satisfaction: BPM helps employees to better understand their roles and responsibilities. This makes their job easier, helps them stay on track, and reduces the time spent on manual tasks, which increases employee satisfaction.

Greater transparency: Business process automation enhances transparency and accountability by assigning clear task ownership and promoting effective team communication.

business process management


By mastering the art of business process management, companies can improve their bottom line, enhance customer satisfaction, and drive innovation. A correctly implemented BPM system will improve profitability, smoother operations, and a better understanding of the entire business process. It is a cost-effective way to improve efficiency, increase customer satisfaction, and enable businesses to remain competitive. By understanding the benefits and life cycle of business process management, businesses can ensure that they are taking advantage of the potential benefits of this powerful tool. With improved operational efficiency and accuracy, businesses can create better customer experiences and improved profitability.


1. What is Business Process Management?

Ans: Business Process Management (BPM) is a powerful system of concepts and tools to help manage business operations more efficiently. BPM focuses on the overall performance of an organisation by examining its internal processes and ensuring they are running as efficiently as possible.

2. Why is BPM important for organisations?

Ans: BPM helps organisations streamline their operations, improve efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance customer experiences. By identifying and eliminating bottlenecks, redundancies, and inefficiencies in processes, organisations can achieve better productivity, agility, and adaptability.

3. What are the key benefits of implementing BPM?

Ans: The following are some advantages of incorporating business process management.

  • Enhanced Efficiency
  • Improved Quality
  • Reduced Costs
  • Increased Employee Satisfaction
  • Greater transparency

4. What are the challenges in implementing BPM?

Ans: Some common challenges in implementing BPM include resistance to change, lack of clear process ownership, insufficient resources or skills, complex legacy systems, and difficulties in process standardisation. It’s essential to have strong leadership support, effective change management strategies, and adequate training and communication to overcome these challenges.

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